What is healthy aging
WHO defines healthy aging “as the process of developing and maintaining functional capacity to enable well-being in old age”. & nbsp; This includes the elderly person’s ability to:
- responds to basic needs;
- could learn and make decisions;
- be mobile;
- build and maintain social relationships;
- contribute to the development of society.
Healthy aging is the focus of WHO’s work on population aging between 2015 and 2030. “Healthy aging” replaces the old “active aging” policy framework developed by the WHO in 2002. Aging and health policies are often inconsistent, fragmented or non-existent. To create effective policies for seniors, leaders need clear guidance and guidance on what works, based on the best available evidence. & Nbsp; Health and well-being are determined not only by genetic inheritance and personal characteristics, but also by the physical and social environments in which we live. & Nbsp; According to the WHO, creating truly age-friendly environments requires action in many areas: health, long-term care, transport, housing, employment, social protection, information and communication, and the presence of several actors – government, service providers, civil society, family. & nbsp; WHO raises awareness of the importance of the environment in determining healthy aging and encourages the creation of age-friendly environments by:
- developing evidence-based guidelines on age-friendly environments;
- providing an information platform for the exchange of information and experience;
- cultivating and developing the WHO global network of “age-friendly” cities and communities.
Health systems need to be transformed so that they can provide access to medical interventions that meet the needs of older people and help prevent addiction to them. & nbsp; WHO has identified three approaches that will best serve the needs of older populations:
- Developing and ensuring access to services that provide health care focused on the health problems of the elderly;
- Orientation of systems around needs;
- Providing labor qualified and sufficient.
Long-term care systems (including palliative care) are needed in all countries to meet the needs of the elderly. & nbsp; WHO has identified three approaches that will be crucial:
- laying the foundations for a long-term care system;
- building and maintaining a properly trained workforce;
- ensuring the quality of long-term care. < / li>
To support these approaches, WHO:
- develops guidelines, providing evidence-based guidance on how to develop, expand and improve the quality of long-term care services, with a focus on countries with fewer resources;
- Provides technical assistance and support for countries introducing and expanding long-term care services;
- developing tools and training packages for qualified (official caregivers) and unskilled staff