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Occupational therapy and people with mental or physical health problems

Occupational therapy and people with mental or physical health problems. One of the most important and difficult problems of occupational therapy regarding the mentally ill is to determine in them an impulse towards a useful activity, to maintain and develop it to the limit of becoming useful.

Mental illness calls into question, above all, a degree of physical incapacity, and the inability of self-management regarding useful integration in the social environment and in the work process. The inclusion of psychotics and psychopaths in the occupational therapy process normalizes relationships between patients, stimulates the inactive, prevents the development of aggressive state or passive vegetation, leads to coordination, gestures, reflexes, speech, balances affectivity, stimulates memory, will, activity. To pursue the training of mentally handicapped people with mental and professional skills for mental improvement and reduction. The mentally ill, left in a passive state, left at the discretion of a mentality of distrust in the possibilities of human recovery through the use of his remaining energy capacities, degrades physically and spiritually, remains doomed to horizontalize on his bed of suffering.

The main goal is the resocialization of the patient, teamwork and the use of trades are indispensable elements. The collective character of the work allows:

  • Confronting individual outcomes between patients.
  • Cultivate feelings and behaviors of social reintegration.
  • Determines the appreciation of those who stand out in the work has a stimulating character.

In neurology, occupational therapy is a good way to increase the functional potential for a series of patients with motor deficiencies, due to peripheral or central lesions, with coordination disorders as a result of which the patient is left with a functional deficit. The following practices are approached: physiotherapy, medical physical culture, occupational therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy.

There are two ways of occupational therapy:

  • Occupational therapy for acute patients – certain muscle groups and nerve functions;
  • Occupational therapy for the chronically ill – is an important therapy – prophylactic and curative methods for behavioral disorders, for mental imbalance that occurs in motor disabilities. A series of devices and devices are used, adapted to the suffering fence and which offer the possibility to practice some movements by making different objects. To avoid fatigue and pain, the devices are adjusted below the maximum movements of the sufferer.


There are: 1. activities for patients with injured limbs, at the beginning of the recovery period; 2. for patients who have reached the end of recovery, when occupational therapy activities must approach the usual global working conditions in terms of gestures – e.g. carpentry, gardening. Occupational therapy of the upper limbs in adults. The upper limbs are responsible for performing the most important muscle operations – grasping, pressure, repulsion. These limbs show both digital dexterity and complete motor coordination. “E” offers a wide range of activities, physical and intellectual, chosen in relation to disability and tastes of the patient (eg woodworking). The occupational therapist channels the patient’s activity to the maximum use of reeducative gestures – the subject becomes more active when he sees that his efforts materialize in the form of an object.

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Uncategorized 22 January 2021